The right of public access gives everyone, Swedish citizens and foreign visitors, a unique opportunity to move freely in Swedish nature. Warmly welcome to enjoy the scents, birdsong, flowering meadows and the quiet tranquility of the forest! But you must be careful and consider both nature and wildlife as well as landowners and other visitors.
Not disturb not destroy
You can get on foot, bike, ride, ski and temporarily stay in nature if you do not risk damaging crops, forest planting or other sensitive land. But you must respect the peace of the home and must not pass over or stay on a private plot or yard. Land, which is not always fenced, is the area closest to the dwelling house. There, the residents have the right to be at peace. If the transparency is free, you must stay at a good distance so that you do not disturb. Also, your stay in nature must not prevent the landowner in his activities.
In addition to country roads and cycle paths, you can cycle on individual roads. There is no general prohibition on cycling on exercise trails and hiking trails but they are designed for those who walk or run and therefore you must take it easy and expect that those who run or walk have preference. You may pass through fenced pasture and the like only if you do not damage the fence or disturb the cattle. Close gates for you so that livestock does not come loose.
If you ride in the terrain, your cycling can cause a risk of ground damage and therefore requires extra caution and you adapt your cycling to nature. Avoid cycling on soft paths when it is wet in the fields, avoid cycling over lava fields, rocky outcrops with mosses and lichens as well as soft meadows, mosses and marshes. Adapt your driving style to the ground and keep in mind that coarse-patterned tires will easily damage paths and fragile ground.
You may not cycle over plantings (for example, gardens, nurseries, park plantations, forest plantations and other similarly sensitive areas) or other sensitive land (for example, fields with growing crops).
Never cook if there is the slightest danger of fire. In dry weather, there is often a fire ban. If you are unsure about what applies, contact the local emergency services (fire department). Extinguish the fire thoroughly before leaving. You can be fined and damages if the fire spreads.
Never cook directly on rock cliffs. They crack and get ugly wounds that never heal.
Bath and boat
You can swim, moor your boat temporarily and land almost everywhere except at a site or where there is a special prohibition on access (for example to protect bird life) or for other wildlife (such as to protect seals).
Bring the garbage
All debris outdoors is prohibited and glass, jars, caps and plastic bags can cause great suffering if the animals get them. Never place rubbish bags next to a full rubbish bin. If you have a tent or a picnic, you must clean up after yourself. Remember not to leave the disposable grill - it will degrade for a long time and could pose a fire hazard.
Flowers and berries
You get to pick wild berries, flowers and mushrooms, fallen branches and dry rice on the ground. However, some flowers are so rare that there is a risk that they will become extinct and such flowers are protected and may not be picked.
Do not take twigs, branches, fists, bark, leaves, worms, nuts or resins from living trees. Of course, you should also not take bushes or cut down trees.
The dog is allowed to follow in the wild, but during the period March 1 - August 20 it must not run loose in the forest and land. Then wildlife is the most sensitive and even the most peaceful little companion dog can do with great harm through its mere presence. Even at other times of the year, you must have your dog under such supervision that it cannot harm or interfere with wildlife.
In the Stockholm archipelago, with some exceptions, clutch coercion prevails during the period 1 March - 20 August. Coupling coercion also prevails in almost all nature reserves and the like. Special provisions on dog keeping often also apply to bathing places and similar areas.
Hunting and Fishing
Hunting and fishing are not included in the public right. But you can fish freely with rods and other hand tools in Sweden's five largest lakes: Vänern, Vättern, Mälaren, Hjälmaren and Storsjön as well as along the coasts. The exception is salmon fishing on the Norrland coast. In all other waters, permits are required, for example in the form of fishing licenses.
You must leave the animals' kids and nests in peace and, for example, do not take bird eggs. It counts as hunting. All wild mammals and birds are protected and may only be hunted in accordance with the hunting conditions.
Please note that there may be further restrictions on the right of public access in nature protected areas.
Sources: Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the County Administrative Board